Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Airborne Bacteria and Fungi at Owena Market, Osun State, Nigeria

Oginni G. Folorunsho, Oloketuyi S. Folarin, Chukwu R. Olufunke, Odunayo O. Janet


Environmental conditions and human activities influence the ubiquity and diversity of microorganisms in the atmosphere thereby acquiring the ability to resist antibiotics which poses serious public threat. Airborne bacteria and fungi isolated using settling plate method from three different points (where kolanuts, meat and onions are sold) at Owena Market, Osun state, Nigeria were assayed for antimicrobial susceptibility using disc diffusion. The microorganisms were identified as Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus megaterium, Alcaligenes spp., Aeromonas spp., Escherichia coli, Micrococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Mortierella polycephala, Epicoccum nigrum, Alternaria spp., Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus flavus, Acremonium spp., Penicillium oxalicum, Cladosporium cladosporiodes, Rhizopus stolonifer, Stemphylium spp., and Trichoderma spp. About 30% of the bacterial isolates were resistant to the antibacterial agents (antibiotics) and all the bacterial isolates were resistant to at least four or more antibiotics while 18% and 64% of the fungi isolated were susceptible to griseofulvin and ketoconazole, respectively. This study shows that the market environment serves as reservoirs for multiple antibiotic resistant bacteria and fungi capable of causing infectious diseases.


Keywords: Airborne microbes, air monitoring, diversity, human activities, multidrug resistance

Cite this Article


Oginni GF, Oloketuyi SF, Chukwu RO et al. Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Airborne Bacteria and Fungi at Owena Market, Osun State, Nigeria. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Microbiology and Virology. 2017; 7(2): 12–16p.


airborne microbes; air monitoring; diversity; human activities; multidrug resistance

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.