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A Precious Stone to Surgery: Al Zahrawi—A Literary Review

Farzana Noorul Ziard, I. Al Tharique

Abstract


Islamic medicine, also known as Arabic Medicine and Greeco-Arab medicine, refers to medicine developed during the Golden Age of the Arab practiced within the Mediterranean as well as most Islamic countries greatly. Then it is broadened from Spain to central Asia, India and Sri Lanka. There was massive enlightenment in the Arab-Islamic world, during that time Europe was very much embrace of the Dark Ages. The Renaissance of European science was very much thankful to the affluent of the sciences by Islamic Golden Age. But, in the East, the development of Muslim scholars developed botany, pharmacy, chemistry and science that the Muslim world is given credit for science and medicine.  There are many scholars of Baghdad who translated and assimilated the Greek effort, while incorporating their own experiences. The most eminent scholars such as Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Al Razi, Ali Ibn Al Abbas Al Majoosi, Al Zahrawi, Al Tabbari, Abu Ali Ibn Sina, Ibn Al Haitham, and Ibn Zuhar Ibn Rushdetc mostly contributed to the medicine in that era. Various medical scientists were materialized in medieval period, but Al Zahrawi (934– 1013AD) was one of the greatest physicians at that time; especially he was the pioneers in the surgery and his contribution in surgery not to concurrent with now.

Keywords: Al Zahrawi, surgery, Islamic medicine

Cite this Article Farzana M.U.Z.N., Al Tharique I. A Precious Stone to Surgery: Al Zahrawi—A Literary Review. Research & Reviews: Journal of Surgery. 2016; 5(3): 17–20p.


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